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Appendix I    Appendix II     Appendix III

NOTE: The appendices are generally updated when new discoveries of needleworkers or teachers are made. The latest revision occurred on 11.23.2010.

Click here to view the Documented Maryland Samplers & Pictorial Embroideries

Click here to view the Documented Samplers & Pictorial Embroideries Worked by Maryland Girls in Out-of-State Schools

Click here to view the Key to "Owner" Abbreviations


This list of Maryland samplers and pictorial embroideries summarizes over five hundred records that document both the maker and her/his work. Information about the maker includes, if known, the full name, age at the time the needlework was completed, date of birth, and residence. Each of the objects is identified with a brief description, for example, “Sampler, marking, architectural, verse” or “Silk embroidery, memorial.” Also listed, if known, are completion dates, location where the embroidery was made, and current owner. This list does not include the hundreds of Maryland girls who were sent off to schools such as the Lititz Moravian Girls School and Westtown Boarding School in Pennsylvania. Some of the surviving needlework from these schools and others outside of Maryland is included in the section on non-Maryland schools.

An amalgamation of sources has been used to compile the data for this study of over 140 years of sampler-making. For example, information from genealogy web sites and family home pages on the internet complemented resources like published family and local histories, city directories, and newspaper archives. These were found in diverse genealogy and history libraries such as that of the National Society Daughters of the American Revolution in Washington, D. C. and the Library of Congress. Diaries and personal letters discovered in state, county, and city historical societies enhanced those genealogies. The Maryland State Archives was a source for records of private groups such as the Religious Society of Friends, whose members were meticulous record keepers. With leads from antiques dealers, private individuals were approached for photographs and information about particular embroideries in their collections, all of which advanced the scholarship of various genres. Finally, the Maryland Room at the University of Maryland, which houses special collections, made available miscellaneous manuscripts whose contents revealed obscure teachers and schools. Together, these resources further illuminated the lives of sampler makers and their families.